Ionova Ol'ga Vladimirovna, Candidate of sociological sciences, associate professor, sub-department of sociology and personnel management, Penza State University (40 Krasnaya street, Penza, Russia), E-mail: OlgaKomissarova@mail.ru
Background. In modern society, the problem of maintaining a high level of students’ health as the most promising part of the population, contributing to the further economic development of the state, is becoming especially urgent. Physical activity has a direct impact on the health of the individual, increases his physical and adaptive capabilities, forms an active social and life position. The existing approach to the study of physical culture and recreation in modern sociology does not allow us to determine its role and place in the leisure system of students. In this context there is a need for a theoretical understanding of physical activity as a form of leisure, and social research activities, to determine areas that effectively contribute to the health of young people.
Materials and methods. The fulfillment of the formulated tasks was realized on the basis of the analysis of publications devoted to the problems of organizing leisure time, contributing to the formation of a healthy lifestyle among students. The study of modern trends and promising trends in the sports movement, as well as the author’s sociological research using focus groups and a questionnaire survey of student youth in Penza, which was attended by 864 respondents, allowed us to conclude that classes in sports sections and in modern sports clubs are the most effective areas of physical culture. These types of physical activity attract young people to regular exercise, and as a result, they form a need for health-saving behavior.
Results. Based on the analysis of the conducted sociological research, it was revealed that classes in sports sections and in modern sports clubs are the main directions of physical culture and health-improving activities, contributing to the formation of a healthy lifestyle among students.
Conclusions. The analysis of the most preferred types of physical culture implemented by students in their leisure time allowed us to determine the attendance of sports sections and modern sports clubs as the main directions that generate motivation for regular physical activity. The direct influence of physical activity on the formation of the need for a healthy lifestyle has been established.
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